Eco- schemes are payment schemes in agriculture aiming at the protection of environment and climate. They are voluntary agreement between farmers and landowners, and public bodies. Farmers and landowners are paid if the established environmental goals are reached.
Great hopes are placed in this tool, in fact a quarter of the budget for the first pillar of Common Agricultural Policy is dedicated exclusively to funding eco-schemes.
Eco-schemes aren’t a brand-new tool. They are conceptually similar to the already existing agri- environmental and climate schemes. The main difference is that the latter can only be assigned through a grant procedure, while farmers are legally entitled to eco-schemes payment. This should make the payment procedure easier and quicker.
Since taking part in the eco-schemes is a voluntary decision of farmers and landowners it is essential that the bureaucratic and mental burden to take part in these schemes isn’t too high.
Studies on agri-environmental and climate schemes applications in Europe show that goals can be achieved with the active participation of the involved actors, particularly the famers and landowner. However, since the new eco-schemes are not going to replace the old agri-environmental and climate schemes, the risk is to generate confusion among farmers and landowners on what scheme is what and the differences between these two policy instruments.
Therefore, for the eco-schemes to be successful it is important to have a clear picture of the current situation of their implementation across Europe. It is important to spot and account for strengths and weaknesses of this kind of environmental management schemes. In their paper, Runge et al. analyse the implementation of eco-schemes in 15 European countries to prevent any backdrops due to different experiences of the member stated with agri-environmental and climate schemes, local environmental preferences, and natural resources settings.
Runge, T., Latacz-Lohmann, U., Schaller, L., Todorova, K., Daugbjerg, C., Termansen, M., Liira, J., Le Gloux, F., Dupraz, P., Leppanen, J., Fogarasi, J., Vigh, E.Z., Bradfield, T., Hennessy, T., Targetti, S., Viaggi, D., Berzina, I., Schulp, C., Majewski, E., Bouriaud, L., Baciu, G., Pecurul, M., Prokofieva, I. and Velazquez, F.J.B. (2022), Implementation of Eco-schemes in Fifteen European Union Member States. EuroChoices. https://doi.org/10.1111/1746-692X.12352