Academic paper

2022

Tradeable Nitrogen Abatement Practices for Diffuse Agricultural Emissions: A ‘Smart Market’ Approach

ACADEMIC PAPER — pdf - 3.51 MB - 27/04/2022

This study explores whether a ‘smart market’ cap-and-trade scheme between non-point sources can offer meaningful, robust and policy amenable, advantages over alternative approaches for nitrogen management in a realistic setting: 6504 individual farms in Limfjorden catchment, Denmark.

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Spatial Coordination Incentives for landscape-scale environmental management: A systematic review

ACADEMIC PAPER — pdf - 1.24 MB - 12/04/2022

This article is a systematic review of 55 papers investigantig the performance Agro- Environmental Schemes (AES) and identifying the underlying factors affecting their performance. The theoretical and empirical evidence suggests that these incentives could potentially promote participation, spatial coordination, and environmental effectiveness. However, the results remain a subject of debate in experimental studies. Insights gained from the review provide important implications for the emerging field of conservation science and ongoing efforts to improve the design of AES for better landscape-scale management.

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Attaining policy integration throughthe integration of new policy instruments: The case of the Farm to Fork Strategy

ACADEMIC PAPER — pdf - 1.46 MB - 09/02/2022

This article departs from the assumption that the chal-lenge of putting the Farm to Fork Strategy (F2F) intoaction stems from the broader challenge of attainingcross-sectoral policy integration. Policy integration hasbeen part of the EU's policy approach for a long timeand has predominantly been achieved in the form ofenvironmental policy integration (EPI). However, thescope of the F2F extends beyond EPI, as it includes theintegration of climate-related concerns into sectoralpolicies, for instance. Consequently, we contend thatattaining policy integration in the case of the F2F isparticularly challenging and calls for an innovativeapproach to policymaking

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2021

Forest ecosystem services in Romania: Orchestrating regulatory and voluntary planning documents

ACADEMIC PAPER — 19/11/2021

Romania has traditionally dealt with forest ecosystem services (FES) using a regulatory process of designing forest management plans (FMPs). We set an analytical framework to assess the integrated approach between FMPs, Natura 2000 biodiversity conservation network, and the forest certification system.

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Enhancing Spatial Coordination in Payment for Ecosystem Services Schemes with Non-Pecuniary Preferences

ACADEMIC PAPER — pdf - 878.48 KB - 17/11/2021

The environmental benefits from Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) schemes can often be enhanced if private land managers are induced to enrol land in a spatially coordinated manner.

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Standardized response signatures of functional traits pinpoint limiting ecological filters during the migration of forest plant species into wooded corridors

ACADEMIC PAPER — 13/07/2021

Tree-lines and alleys are expected to operate as migration enhancing corridors for habitat-demanding species, but their functionality is limited by the set of ecological filters. We use multiple plant traits related to dispersal and establishment to identify the limiting filters for forest plants in the rural landscape of Estonia.

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Habitat and host specificity of epiphytic lichens in a rural landscape: cultural heritage habitats as refugia

ACADEMIC PAPER — 13/07/2021

Research to investigate the habitat and host specificity of epiphytic lichens colonization of ten common tree species in three contrasting habitat types across 19 Estonian landscapes.

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Incentivising biodiversity net gain with an offset market

ACADEMIC PAPER — pdf - 3.43 MB - 08/07/2021

We investigate the use of private funding for biodiversity conservation through an offset market. The environmental objective is to increase some measure of biodiversity in a region (“net gain”) despite the loss of land for new housing. Farmers create biodiversity credits by changing their land management, then sell these credits to housebuilders who are required to more-than offset the impacts of new house building on a biodiversity. A general result is established for the impacts on price and quantity in the offset market as the net gain target is make more ambitious. Combining an economic model of market operation with an ecological model linking land management to bird populations, we then examine the impacts on equilibrium price and quantity of offsets as the target level of net gain is increased for a case study site in Scotland. Changes in the spatial pattern of gains and losses in our biodiversity index are also shown.

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2020

Nature based solutions for climate adaptation: Paying farmers for flood control

ACADEMIC PAPER — 31/08/2020

Climate change is expected to lead to more frequent and severe fluvial flood events in Northern Europe. Nature Based Solutions are increasingly recognised as a natural insurance against flood risks in vulnerable areas. This requires collaboration at landscape scale between providers and beneficiaries of flood control. In particular, mechanisms to incentivise owners of land could potentially offer cost-effective ways to reduce damage to urban infrastructure. We conduct a choice experiment among farmers located in the vicinity of a river to assess their willingness to accept a contract that would allow a local Danish municipality to periodically flood farmland to reduce urban flood risks. Results indicate that farmers on average are hesitant about entering into abatement contracts, especially if they have prior experience of crop losses due to extreme weather events. If they were to agree on a contract they would prefer a separate compensation for lost crops; a collective negotiation and higher rather than lower yearly payments. Surprisingly, data did not show a significant preference for or against a requirement to grow flood resistant crops. The results suggest that a contract with a separate damage compensation and based on individual negotiation would on average require an annual payment of 290Euro/ha for farmers with no prior experience of crop losses and 469Euro/ha for farmers who have experienced crop losses. The paper discusses the potentials and limitations of landscape scale Nature Based Solutions for climate adaptation.

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